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Role of Federal and Provincial Agencies in Implementing Ehsaas Program

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Last Updated on July 10, 2024 by Programme

Certainly! Here’s a detailed article on the role of federal and provincial agencies in implementing the Ehsaas Program:

The Ehsaas Program, launched by the Government of Pakistan, is a comprehensive social protection and poverty alleviation initiative aimed at improving the lives of the country’s most vulnerable populations. The successful implementation of this ambitious program requires a coordinated effort between federal and provincial agencies. These agencies play critical roles in designing, executing, and monitoring various components of the program, ensuring that benefits reach those who need them most.


The primary objectives of the collaborative efforts between federal and provincial agencies in the Ehsaas Program are:

  1. Ensure Effective Implementation: Achieve seamless execution of program initiatives across the country.
  2. Enhance Coordination: Foster strong inter-agency coordination for efficient resource utilization.
  3. Monitor and Evaluate Impact: Continuously monitor and evaluate the program’s impact to improve outcomes.

Role of Federal Agencies

1. Policy Formulation and Oversight:

  • Planning and Development Division: Responsible for the overall policy formulation, strategic planning, and oversight of the Ehsaas Program.
  • Cabinet Division: Provides high-level policy direction and ensures alignment with national priorities.

2. Funding and Resource Allocation:

  • Ministry of Finance: Allocates budgetary resources for the various components of the Ehsaas Program.
  • Economic Affairs Division: Coordinates with international donors and financial institutions to secure funding and technical assistance.

3. Program Implementation:

  • Benazir Income Support Programme (BISP): Implements key components like the Ehsaas Kafalat and Ehsaas Emergency Cash programs, providing financial assistance to eligible households.
  • Pakistan Bait-ul-Mal (PBM): Oversees programs such as Ehsaas Langar and Panagahs, offering free meals and shelter to the needy.

4. Data Management and Technology:

  • National Database and Registration Authority (NADRA): Manages the biometric verification system and ensures accurate identification of beneficiaries.
  • Ehsaas Digital Payment System: Ensures secure and efficient disbursement of funds through digital means.

5. Monitoring and Evaluation:

  • Ehsaas Delivery Unit: Monitors the implementation of various initiatives, tracks progress, and evaluates the program’s impact.
  • Pakistan Bureau of Statistics (PBS): Conducts surveys and data analysis to assess the socio-economic impact of the program.

Role of Provincial Agencies

1. Local Implementation and Coordination:

  • Provincial Social Welfare Departments: Coordinate the implementation of Ehsaas Program initiatives at the provincial and district levels.
  • Provincial Planning and Development Departments: Align provincial development plans with Ehsaas Program objectives and ensure integration into local strategies.

2. Service Delivery:

  • Provincial Health Departments: Implement health-related initiatives under the Ehsaas Program, such as the Ehsaas Nashonuma program, which addresses child malnutrition.
  • Provincial Education Departments: Facilitate the implementation of education-related components like the Ehsaas Scholarship Program and Ehsaas Undergraduate Scholarships.

3. Data Collection and Beneficiary Identification:

  • Local Government Authorities: Assist in the collection of socio-economic data and identification of beneficiaries for various Ehsaas initiatives.
  • Community Organizations: Engage with local communities to gather information and ensure that benefits reach the intended recipients.

4. Monitoring and Reporting:

  • Provincial Monitoring Units: Monitor the progress of Ehsaas Program initiatives at the provincial level and report to the federal authorities.
  • District Coordination Offices: Ensure that implementation at the district level is aligned with program objectives and provide feedback for continuous improvement.

Impact and Success Stories

1. Effective Resource Utilization:

  • Coordinated Efforts: The collaboration between federal and provincial agencies has led to the efficient utilization of resources, minimizing wastage and maximizing impact.
  • Success Story:
    • Ehsaas Emergency Cash Program:
    • During the COVID-19 pandemic, federal and provincial agencies worked together to disburse emergency cash assistance to millions of households. This coordinated effort ensured that financial aid reached those affected by the crisis in a timely manner.

2. Enhanced Service Delivery:

  • Local Engagement: Provincial agencies’ involvement has ensured that services are tailored to meet the specific needs of local populations.
  • Case Study:
    • In a remote district, the provincial social welfare department, in collaboration with local health authorities, successfully implemented the Ehsaas Nashonuma program. This led to a significant reduction in child malnutrition rates in the area.

3. Improved Monitoring and Accountability:

  • Data-Driven Decision Making: The integration of data management systems between federal and provincial agencies has improved monitoring and accountability.
  • Example:
    • The real-time monitoring of the Ehsaas Langar and Panagahs initiative by provincial authorities ensured that shelters and meal centers operated efficiently, providing timely assistance to the homeless and needy.

Challenges and Mitigation Strategies

1. Coordination and Communication:

  • Challenge: Ensuring effective communication and coordination between federal and provincial agencies.
  • Mitigation: Establishing inter-agency coordination committees and regular meetings to facilitate information sharing and joint decision-making.

2. Capacity Building:

  • Challenge: Building the capacity of provincial and local authorities to implement and monitor Ehsaas Program initiatives.
  • Mitigation: Providing training and technical assistance to provincial staff and leveraging technology for capacity enhancement.

3. Data Integration:

  • Challenge: Integrating data systems across different agencies and ensuring data accuracy.
  • Mitigation: Developing standardized data protocols and investing in robust data management infrastructure.

Future Directions and Sustainability

1. Strengthening Federal-Provincial Collaboration:

  • Integrated Planning: Promoting integrated planning and implementation frameworks that align federal and provincial efforts.
  • Joint Monitoring: Establishing joint monitoring mechanisms to continuously assess and improve program outcomes.

2. Leveraging Technology:

  • Advanced Data Analytics: Utilizing advanced data analytics and AI to enhance beneficiary identification, resource allocation, and impact assessment.
  • Digital Platforms: Expanding the use of digital platforms for efficient service delivery and real-time monitoring.

3. Enhancing Community Engagement:

  • Local Participation: Increasing community participation in the design and implementation of Ehsaas Program initiatives to ensure that they address local needs effectively.
  • Feedback Mechanisms: Establishing robust feedback mechanisms to gather inputs from beneficiaries and stakeholders for continuous improvement.

The successful implementation of the Ehsaas Program relies on the coordinated efforts of federal and provincial agencies. These agencies play vital roles in policy formulation, resource allocation, service delivery, data management, and monitoring. By working together, they ensure that the program’s benefits reach the most vulnerable populations efficiently and transparently. Continued collaboration, technological innovation, and community engagement are essential for the sustainability and success of the Ehsaas Program in achieving its mission of poverty alleviation and social protection in Pakistan.

This detailed overview highlights the objectives, roles, impact, challenges, and future directions of federal and provincial agencies in implementing the Ehsaas Program, emphasizing their collaborative efforts to enhance the program’s effectiveness and transparency.

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